Meaning of self-criticism
Self-criticism refers to the internal capacity of the individual to criticize himself . It implies the analysis of your actions, your way of acting, your mistakes and the possibilities of self-correction. In this way the subject improves.
This mechanism is inherent in the process of self-knowledge : the being knows himself, identifies his strengths and weaknesses, his potentialities and, subsequently, corrects the course of his existential journey and is also applied to a social group and an institution. .
This succession of psychic movements, which constitutes the individual’s encounter with himself , and which necessarily goes through self-criticism, is more complex than it seems.
People are often so caught up in routine and preoccupied with seeing the inherent flaws in others and judging their peers that they forget to turn inward and analyze their own attitudes .
Those who venture on this inner path encounter sensitive and susceptible people, blockages and many other difficulties.
On the other hand, there are extremely perfectionistic people who demand too much of themselves and therefore exaggerate their self-evaluation, go deeper into self- criticism and only see flaws and shadows within themselves.
While others are mistaken for this lack of quality, they sin for its excess. Balance must always be found in these psychological processes .
In political philosophical doctrines, such as Marxism-Leninism, a combination of the theories of Karl Marx and Vladimir Ilitch Ulianov. Self-criticism is considered a scientific method and a constant political exercise.
Through this method, socialists seek the transformation of society through the practice of communism . The final result of a dialectical development: confrontation between thesis and antithesis, from which the synthesis arises, which becomes thesis and follows this infinite process.
This approach to reality encompasses a constant search for truth and the improvement of a reality. Which implies a permanent examination of reality, criticism, and the search for internal perfection, through self-criticism.
Types of self-criticism
It is important to know the difference between constructive criticism and destructive criticism :
They are criticisms that help each other to reflect on their behaviors, help to reevaluate their way of “seeing life”. The purpose of constructive criticism is for the person to improve their difficulties and progress. But constructive criticism can be misunderstood and will sometimes be understood as an attack.
Those who receive constructive criticism must be willing and receptive to listening to what they say.
They are criticisms that offend, damage or denigrate the image of others. It usually comes in the form of a prosecution. Those who listen to this type of criticism often feel disqualified and inferior. The focus of destructive criticism is on what “hurts” (this does not mean that those who make destructive criticism are bad people).vvvv