Meaning of Physical Capacity
A capacity is a quality or condition. The physical, in turn, is linked to the material or the body. Putting these terms together gives the physical capacity.
Physical conditions are the conditions that an organism presents, generally associated with the development of a certain activity or action. Physical capabilities are determined by genetics , although they can be improved through training.
It is possible to differentiate between conditional physical capacities and coordination physical capacities .
The conditional abilities are speed, strength, endurance, and flexibility. This means that the conditional physical abilities are linked to the ability to make movements in the shortest possible time , to overcome resistance thanks to tension, to maintain an effort over time or to reach the maximum possible path of a joint.
Physical coordination abilities , on the other hand, are those that allow the disposition of actions in an orderly manner to achieve a goal. Reaction, rhythm, balance, orientation, adaptation, differentiation, and timing or coupling are part of this class of physical abilities.
In summary, it can be said that physical abilities determine the motor performance of an individual . To improve performance in a sport, therefore, one must work to optimize physical abilities through specific exercises. In this way it is possible to improve speed, strength, balance, reaction, etc.
However, it is important to keep in mind that physical capabilities also set a limit set by genes that cannot be overcome with training: no one can run two hundred miles per hour no matter how dedicated they are to training.