Meaning of Philosophical Behaviorism
The English word behavior means behavior or conduct. Behaviorism is a generic term used by many groups and even contradictory currents of thought in psychology, but whose fundamental element is behavior.
Philosophical behaviorism, or called behaviorism or logical analytical behaviorism, consists of an analytic theory that studies the meaning and semantics of concepts and cognitive structures.
This philosophical line, based mainly on the studies of Wittgenstein and Ryle, maintains that the conception of mental state or mental disposition is, in reality, the conception of behavioral disposition or behavioral tendencies.
In this way, it directly relates thinking and acting, establishing this link between metal and behavior.
When trying to define what a mental state is, a description of behaviors or behavior models is being made, in this sense philosophical behaviorism analyzes intentional mental states and representative mental states.
By attributing mental states, processes, or events to people, statements are made about their specific behavior or behavioral dispositions.
This plausible and intrinsic relationship between significant processes and behaviors opposes the dualism typical of modernity, in addition to suggesting a new research script for an eventual behavioral science.
To synthesize the type of thought typical of philosophical conduct, they can be considered to be constituted around five basic propositions:
1. “I have pain” and “He has pain” are values of the same propositional function “X has pain”.
2. My identification of my internal experiences (pain, for example) is done directly and immediately, that is, I have privileged access to my internal experience.
3. I do not have direct or immediate access to another person’s inner experience. Only his behavior is accessible to me.
4. Propositions about internal experiences do not stand in a logically necessary relation to propositions about behavior (that is, they are not logical or analytical considerations that justify deducing the existence of a given internal experience from the observation of a given experience). behaviour).
5. The relationship between inner experience and behavior is established on the basis of empirical laws.