What is Otherness
Otherness from the Latin alteritas (“ other ”) is the conception that every social human being interacts with and is interdependent on the other . It is a term approached by philosophy and anthropology.
For this reason, the “ I ” in its individual form can only exist through contact with the “ other ”.
With alterity, one culture does not point to the extinction of another. This is because otherness implies that an individual can put himself in another’s place , in a relationship based on dialogue and appreciation of existing differences.
Otherness in Philosophy
In the realm of philosophy, it is the opposite of identity .
Presented by Plato as one of the five “ supreme genres ”, he refuses to identify being as identity and sees an attribute of being in the multiplicity of ideas, among which is the relationship of reciprocal alterity .
Otherness also plays an important role in Hegel ‘s logic : “ anything ”, which is determined qualitatively, is in a negative relationship with “ the other ” (herein lies its limitation), but it is destined to become something else.
The use of the term also arises in 20th century philosophy ( existentialism ), but with non-equivalent meanings.
Alterity in Anthropology.
Anthropology is known as the science of alterity , because its objective is the study of man in his fullness and the phenomena that surround him.
With such a vast and complex subject, it is imperative to be able to study the differences between various cultures and ethnicities . Since alterity is the study of differences and the study of the other, it assumes an essential role in anthropology .
What does Anthropology mean?
Principle that prohibits the criminalization of conduct that does not offend any legal asset . This sets up a situation that is constituted by the contrast ratio. Thus, a suicide attempt can be said to run counter to the alterity principle .