What is Corporatism?

Meaning of Corporatism

Today we use the term corporatism to designate situations in which a specific group , generally a professional category organized in a council, association or union, defends only its interests in order to actively damage collective interests .

example of corporatism

Let’s consider a fictitious example : during a major epidemic. The nurses organized in an association decide to charge more for the service of injecting a cure for the disease.

We could say that this would be a case of extreme corporatism , in which the winning interests of a corporation overlap with those of society as a whole.

Corporatism can also indicate, for example, the negligence of justice in the trial and punishment of criminals who occupy positions linked to the legal apparatus itself (such as judges.) Or the action of businessmen to keep the prices of some product or service high. service in the market.

In these cases, the term corporatism is used in an extremely pejorative way to accuse the unethical conduct of organized groups.

Corporatism and Unions

Corporatism also refers to a political ideology that defends the idea that society should be organized based on different professional corporations.

Of medieval origin, the idea of ​​corporatism is revived after the Industrial Revolution as an opposition both to trade unions and to the rising bourgeois political model.

In opposition to unionism, which emerged as a tool to defend workers in the class struggle. Corporatism is presented as a way to neutralize conflicts by proposing the collaboration of bosses and employees in the same sector.

Characteristics of Corporatism

Corporatism is also opposed to liberal representative democracy , as it replaces individual representation through voting with collective representation in terms of corporations.

It is, therefore, a form of distribution of power in which people are not represented individually or by their social classes.

In corporatism, the subjects are represented by entities that supposedly have the sole purpose of defending the interests of a work category.

As within the same category we have numerous divergent positions and interests . Corporatism works by building consensus and erasing disagreement in favor of an artificially achieved unity.

The idea of ​​organizing power in terms of corporations is linked to the need for the State to control them and manage their interests in a convergent manner.

It was only in the fascist regime of Italy, led by Benito Mussolini, that these ideas gained force and unique interpretation as an official system of government.

During this period, legislative power was transferred to professional corporations , where selected individuals were given political participation.

The Italian fascist discourse preached the unity and collaboration between these corporations as a way to eliminate the conflicts of the class struggle and keep all sectors subordinate to the State.

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