Themes

What is Constructivism?

Meaning of Constructivism

Constructivism is an artistic-political movement that arose in Russia at the beginning of the 20th century, which had as its principle the idea of ​​art as part of people’s daily lives , eliminating the “ soul of superiority ” that it once possessed.

Based on Cubism and Suprematism, combined with the ideals of the socialist revolution, Constructivism aims to combat elite art .

Democratizing art radically for the masses. Her followers consider her a ” social trainer “, to organize and instruct people’s lives, and not just to decorate.

Russian constructivists saw art, especially painting and sculpture, as products of construction of ” new realities “, and not as representations of them.

According to this concept, art served as a mechanism for revolution , an idea espoused primarily by Vladimir Tatlin, one of the leading representatives of Russian Constructivism.

Cinema also played a very important role in the artistic-political discourse of Russian Constructivism, at least for some of the avant-garde intellectuals of the time.

Sergei Eisenstein is one of the most iconic names in cinema in this movement, and portrayed in his thematic movies that were real and close to the real world and aimed at the masses, such as in the movies ” Battleship Potemkim ” and ” The Strike “, for example.

Some of the main constructivist artists are:

  • Naum Gabo
  • Sergein Eisenstein
  • Vladimir Tatlin
  • Alexander Rodchenko
  • Ivan Leonidov
  • Konstantin Melnikov

The Russian Constructivist movement declined during the Writers’ Congress in 1934, when it was replaced by Socialist Realism , the only art form that was admitted in the USSR during Stalinism.

Even after its end, various remnants of Russian Constructivism carried over to other contemporary, avant-garde and influential designs in Europe.

Characteristics of Constructivist Art

In general, among the outstanding characteristics in the works of Russian Constructivism, the following stand out: use of geometric elements, primary colors, typography and photomontage.

Among other features that helped shape the Russian Constructivist style was its tendency towards design and architecture, the demand and use of engineering techniques in works, the use of new materials.

Other factors that are related, in particular, to the Architectural innovation.

Constructivism in Education

In the philosophical and pedagogical field , constructivism consists of a learning theory in which the individual (as a student) actively participates in learning itself, through epistemological experiences and constant interactions with the environment in which they are inserted.

Developed from the studies of the Swiss epistemologist Jean Piaget (early 1920s) and the research of the Belarusian literature professor Lev Vygotsky.

This theory suggests greater flexibility in teaching , allowing the student to learn from mistakes and successes. Stimulating their skills from constant interaction with the world around them.

Constructivism also advocates the use of self- assessment and reflection across disciplines, removing the rigid and standardized model of student assessment.

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