Meaning and Definition of Column
In architecture, the column is a vertical element , usually a round shaft, with a top and base that often serve as structural support.
The column can also be non-structural, used not to support construction, but only for decorative purposes or as a stand-alone monument. Classical architecture, in ancient Greece and Rome, used five main styles of columns , carved from a single block or created from blocks of large stones.
In ancient Egypt, as well as in the Middle East, columns, usually large and circular , were used to great effect to decorate and support massive structures, especially in the absence of arches.
In Eastern architecture , columns tended to be simple in shape, but richly decorated. The craftsmen of the Gothic era, like those of the romantic era. They used the bases and tops of the stone columns as spaces to carve many details.
Baroque designs often featured carved marble columns with many curves. Modern columns tend to be made of steel, iron, or concrete, and their designs are simple.
The columns can have rectangular, circular or polygonal shapes ; they can shrink as they go up, or they can stay the same size.
A connected, attached, or inlaid column is one built into a wall , and comes out of it only partially. In Roman pilasters, this type of column served more for decorative purposes than to support buildings.