Meaning of cognitive science
Cognitive is what is related to knowledge. Thus, the cognitive sciences can be considered as the set of disciplines that have come together, without losing their specific individual characteristics, to investigate questions of knowledge, also called epistemological questions.
The main disciplines that make up the cognitive sciences are: cognitive psychology, linguistics and artificial intelligence, and partially philosophy (Descartes as a precursor), neurobiology (admitting the presence, without delving into the study of the levels of representations), logic (based on the artificial intelligence) and anthropology (considering cultural representations).]
Cognitive sciences investigate, in principle, two kinds of problems: the study of information processing processes, through perception, transformation, storage, recovery and use; and the study of the ways in which the representations of these activities are systematized.
It is clear that the human being is a being moved naturally by feelings and reason. The reason here understood as knowledge.
The disciplines that make up the Cognitive Sciences do not ignore the relevance of emotional factors, which are specific to each human being.
They try to explain processes that can be generalized, that are considered equivalent in most people, global processes, in short.
Of the disciplines that make up the cognitive sciences, psychology contributes to the investigation of mental activities such as selective perception, and of each stage through which information passes, such as elaboration (idea), transformation (improvement of the idea), storage (learning). ), retrieve (memory) and use that information.
Linguistics is currently understood as part of all cognitive sciences, not being exclusive to any of them, but rather it is what underlies the interrelation and interconnection between them.
Regarding artificial intelligence, he regrouped the representations of knowledge into five classes. They are logic, semantic networks, procedural representations, frameworks, and production rule systems.
It also collaborates, since it validates or not models resulting from other disciplines that make up the cognitive sciences.