Meaning of Cognition
Cognition has its origin in the word “cognoscere” which in Latin means knowing, it is a term generally used when referring to knowledge, or accumulation of information acquired through the learning process, both scientifically and empirically.
Cognition is the ability to process diverse information through stimuli received from different senses such as sound, light, touch and chemistry, that is, through perception, including different processes such as attention, memory, reasoning, language, learning, among others.
This acquired knowledge allows us to integrate all the information, analyze it and interpret it, that is, assimilate this information and process it so that it becomes knowledge.
There are different cognitive functions that play an important role in cognitive processes for knowledge acquisition or decision making.
Among these cognitive functions we have perception, memory, attention, reasoning and they all work in an integral way, forming new knowledge and generating new interpretations of everything that happens around us.
These processes, despite being basic factors for any individual, will make up unique experiences according to all the perceptions involved, an example: the smell of a perfume for some people can bring back memories of something lived but not necessarily the memories will be the same, no matter how that the conditions that led the individual to interpret that situation are identical to those of another individual, this is because the intensity of the stimuli is different for each one.
As we have already mentioned in the previous paragraphs, perception participates in the cognitive process, it allows us to understand the world through the interpretation of the stimuli received through various means, such as visual perception, which is important for the generation of new knowledge because it is the type of perception that generates more new information.
In cases of loss of this type of perception, there is a redirection to other senses, a biological adaptation.
Auditory perception is also part of cognitive processes, and through sound stimuli our brain is capable of interpreting different situations, the simple fact of listening to music and feeling an emotion proves this cognitive ability to relate sound events with emotions in our daily life.
Through sensors distributed on our skin, tactile perception is capable of perceiving different sensations such as vibrations and pressure, as in the simple fact of noticing the rain when a drop of water falls on your skin.
Taste and olfactory perception that are integrated making us feel the flavors more intensely, a fact of this union is verified when we have nasal obstruction, in a flu for example, and we do not feel the taste of food well.
Attention is also a cognitive process that allows you to focus on a particular stimulus to process this information in greater depth later and is an important fundamental process for the evolution of everyday situations.
In fact, this is a very important process given the need to focus on some stimulus to learn it.
Once the stimulus is learned, we enter another cognitive process called memory, which allows us to store the encoded information for later retrieval.
It is a basic process for learning, there are several types of memory among which we have the short and long term.
The short term retains a certain amount of information for a short time and the long term gives us the ability to remember certain information for a longer time.
Other types of memory are auditory, contextual, name and recognition.
Learning As part of the process we use to relate newly acquired information to established knowledge, every task in our daily lives has elements learned throughout life, and they all go through cognition.
Thought is also a cognitive process that allows us to evaluate and analyze all the stimuli received.
Language allows us to express thoughts and feelings is also considered a cognitive process.