Themes

What is Citizenship?

Meaning of Citizenship

You may have heard of the word citizenship , right? But do you know what it is? Citizenship is an expression that comes from the Latin civitas , which means “ city ”.

In short, the term is intrinsic to the individual’s sense of belonging to a community articulated for political purposes.
The origin of citizenship was remote from ancient Greece, when only people born on Greek soil were considered citizens.

Even for a long time, foreigners and women had no right to the democratic regime, without the right to vote.

The rights to life, equality, liberty, property were not granted to all either, and still are not. Many people live on the streets, without minimum conditions for food, without beds in hospitals and without basic elements, such as access to water.

Visibility is not common to all, especially in a context marked by so many social , ethnic, economic and political conflicts . Thus, citizenship remains in an evolutionary process, being an objective to be achieved.

Citizen and Citizenship

From a legal perspective, citizens are those who enjoy their civil, political and social rights. Therefore, citizenship would be the quality of being a citizen , someone with rights and duties in the social context.

The applicability of citizenship is extremely important for the social organization to approach equity.

In this way, people would be aware of their rights, as well as their obligations, making an effort to put both into practice.

Citizenship and State

Citizens and the State have allied functions. On the one hand, citizens are part of the creation of the State, and are subject to the pact that founded them. Therefore, being the State of the citizens , it is their responsibility to monitor, inspect and regulate public power.

In another bias, state agents are assigned public servants, exercising their functions by four pillars: legality, impersonality, morality and publicity. Thus, the balance between the State and the citizens is the daily search for the evolution of full citizenship.

However, the concept of citizenship is not only the duty of the State. In fact, it further understands the responsibility of the citizen, in order to attribute the common good as the main assumption in their daily practices.

Human rights

From the perspective of common rights, there are human rights, regardless of ethnic origin, language, nationality, religion, race, sex or any other status.

To achieve a common standard for all peoples and nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was prepared.

Translated into more than 500 languages, covering different world regions and cultural backgrounds, the document was proclaimed on December 10, 1948.

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