What is Cisgender?

What is Cisgender?

Cisgender (Cis) is the term used to refer to the individual who identifies , in all respects, with their “ birth gender ”.

In the context of studies related to humanity, cisgender is the opposition of transgender , since the latter identifies with a different gender than the one attributed to him when he was born.


For example, a person who is born with the male sexual organ , expresses himself socially as dictated by the masculine gender role, and recognizes himself as a man ( gender identity ), so he can be considered a cisgender man.

To better understand the definition of cisgender , one must analyze the etymological origin of this term: cis means “ on the same side ” or “ next to ”, in Latin.

That is, this prefix refers to the agreement of the individual ‘s gender identity with their hormonal and genital configuration at birth.

Cisgender and Transgender

Both terms can be considered antonyms , as they have different definitions.

As can be seen, cisgender consists of the agreement of the biological sex with the total identification of this individual with the characteristics attributed to this gender, from the historical-sociocultural point of view, responsible for dictating the normative pattern of men and women.

Transgender people , on the other hand, are people who do not identify with their biological sex , but with a different gender than the one they were biologically assigned.

For example, a person who is born with female sexual organs , but has a male gender identity, as well as gender role and gender expression that are socioculturally attributed to men.

Even being born with a female sexual organ , this individual identifies himself as male.

It is worth mentioning that in these cases, the social and historical association attributed to the sexual organs of human beings is taken into account, that is, as the penis that belongs to the masculine and the vagina to the feminine.

It is incorrect to associate cisgender with heterosexuality , just as transgender with homosexuality.

Sexual orientation is not related to a person’s gender identity . In this case, for example, a transgender individual can be heterosexual, just as a cisgender individual can be homosexual, and vice versa.

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