Meaning of Castroism
According to the definition, Castroism means ” political action or thought of Fidel Castro Ruiz (1926), head of the Cuban government since 1959 and who implanted socialism in that country ” or ” fidelismo “.
In addition to the meaning found in dictionaries. The term Castroism also designates the group of political measures and activities influenced by Marxism . That they had their origin in the Cuban Revolution of Fidel Castro (and Che Guevara) and guided the economic position of the Cuban nation.
In addition, Castroism is a form of representation of the way in which the Cuban revolutionaries took power in the country. One of the most striking features is the guerrilla . Method used to conquer power that is superior to political parties.
The theoretical foundations of Castroism can be found in the historical speeches of Fidel Castro, which are: OLAS – Declaration of the Organization of Latin American Solidarity and the two Declarations of Havana .
That took place in the years 1960 and 1962. Among the most repeated phrases in the Declaration of Havana, Fidel said: “ Condemn me. No matter. History will absolve me .”
Castro begins the Havana Declaration as follows:
Never has he had to practice a lawyer under such difficult conditions: never have so many oppressive irregularities been committed against a defendant. Both are in this case the same person. As a lawyer, he couldn’t even see the summary; as accused, today he has been locked up in a solitary cell, totally and absolutely incommunicado, for 76 days, against all human and legal precepts.
In the book “ The Island of the Other Castro ”, the authors Corinne Cumerlato and Denis Rousseau present Castroism as a way of controlling the population with the main objective of maintaining the power of one man and a great military and civil caste.
Said caste would be privileged by an infinite number of advantages because it is completely linked and protected by Fidel. According to them, at that time, the Cuban population was dominated by repression and fear.
The weakening of the regime devised by Fidel began in 1985, when relations between Moscow and Havana began to deteriorate.
Apart from that, that year Perestroika was instituted, a political restructuring introduced in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics by Mikhail Gorbachev.
Until 1991, the USSR still maintained relations with Cuba, helping it financially and giving it political support . However, with the end of the USSR and the United States embargo imposed on Cuba with the Torricelli Amendment, Castroism gradually lost strength.