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What does axiology mean?

What is Axiology

Axiology, also called value theory , is a practical philosophical study that seeks to understand the nature of values ​​and value judgments and how they arise in society.

Axiology is closely related to two other aspects of philosophy : ethics and aesthetics.
All three branches deal with value.

  • Ethics is about kindness, trying to understand what is good and what it means to be good,
  • Aesthetics has to do with beauty and harmony. With this, he seeks to understand beauty and what it means or how it is defined.

Axiology and Ethics

Axiology is a necessary component of ethics and aesthetics.
Because one must use concepts of value to define ” goodness ” or ” beauty “, and therefore one must understand what is valuable and why.

Understanding these values ​​also helps us determine the reason for an action.

Ethics and Aesthetics in Axiology

Ethics, also known as moral philosophy , is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct .
Ethics is a complement to aesthetics in the philosophical field of axiology.

Questions about what is good, bad, right, and wrong refer to ethics .

Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of art, beauty, and good taste, with the creation and enhancement of beauty.

 

It is scientifically defined as the study of sensory or sensory-emotional values , sometimes called judgments of feelings and tastes.

More broadly, scholars in the field define aesthetics as ” critical reflection on art, culture, and nature .”

Aesthetics is nothing more than the investigation of feelings, judgments or patterns about the nature of beauty and related concepts, such as the tragic, the sublime or movement.

Questions about what should be considered art , what is beautiful, and related questions belong to aesthetics.

Instead of simply stating what is valuable or not valuable , those who study ethics and aesthetics in axiology try to give reasons why things are or are not valuable.

Theories of Ethics in Axiology

There are two types of ethical theory within axiology that address different reasons about the values ​​of “right” and “wrong”:

Theory of Theological Ethics

This theory states that what makes an action right or wrong are the consequences of the action ; simply “ right action ” is one that has good consequences and “ wrong action ” has bad consequences.

Deontological Ethics Theory

This theory stands in opposition to a consequentialist theory that it is not the consequences but the motivation that drives the agent to do so.

An action motivated by some reason will be considered ” right ” regardless of whether its consequences are good or not. Thus, an action done for the wrong reasons will be considered a wrong action , even if its consequences can be considered good.

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