What is the art?
Art is a human activity linked to manifestations of an aesthetic order , made by artists based on perception, emotions and ideas, with the aim of stimulating this interest of consciousness in one or more viewers, and each work of art has a meaning unique and different. .
It is linked to aesthetics, because it is considered a faculty or act by which, by working with a material, image or sound, man creates beauty by striving to express the material or immaterial world that inspires him.
According to the Philosophy
In the history of philosophy, attempts were made to define art as intuition, expression, projection, sublimation, evasion, etc.
Aristotle defined art as an imitation of reality , but Bergson or Proust see it as the exacerbation of the atypical condition inherent in reality . Kant considers that art is a manifestation that produces ” disinterested satisfaction “.
Art in Romanticism
According to romanticism, vitalism, phenomenology, Marxism, other interpretations of “art” also arise.
The difficulty of defining art lies in its direct relationship and dependence on the historical and cultural situation that gives rise to it. This happens because when a style is created and stabilized, it breaks with established systems and codes.
Art is a term that comes from Latin, and means technique / skill. The definition of art varies across time and culture , being rock art, crafts, the art of science, religion, and technology.
Today, art is used as the artistic activity or the product of the artistic activity. Art is a human creation with aesthetic values, such as beauty, balance, harmony, which represent a set of procedures used to make works.
What does Abstract Art mean?
For primitive peoples , art, religion, and science walked together in the figure, and originally art could be understood as the product or process in which knowledge is used to perform certain skills.
For the Greeks, art was the making of sculptures, paintings, shoes or ships.
Art is a reflection of the human being and often represents their social status and the essence of thinking.
History of art
The history of art consists of a science that studies artistic movements, changes in aesthetic value, works of art and artists.
This analysis is carried out according to the social, political and religious aspect of the time studied . Various other sciences serve as aids to the history of art, such as numismatics, paleography, history, archaeology, etc.
Through the history of art it is possible to learn a little about the human being through the evolution of the various artistic expressions and manifestations.
Type of Arts
Art is presented through various forms such as plastic, music, sculpture, cinema, theater, dance, architecture, etc. There are several expressions used to describe different manifestations of art, for example: visual, scenic, graphic, visual arts, etc.
Some authors (like Hegel and Ricciotto Canudo) and thinkers organized the different arts in a numbered list. The inclusion of some art forms was not very consensual, but with the evolution of technology, this is the most common list these days:
1st Art – Music
2nd Art – Dance / Choreography
3rd Art – Painting
4th Art – Sculpture / Architecture
5th Art – Theater
6th Art – Literature
7th Art – Cinema
8th Art – Photography
9th Art – Comics
10th Art – Computer and videogames
11th Art – Digital.