What does Anxiety mean?

What is Anxiety

Anxiety is a mental state of apprehension or fear caused by the anticipation of an unpleasant or dangerous situation.

The word “ anxiety ” comes from the Latin anxietas , which means “ anguish ”, from anxius = “ disturbed ” from anguere = “ squeeze ”, “ suffocate ”.

Anxiety is accompanied by symptoms of tension where the anticipated focus of danger may be internal or external.


Causes of Anxiety

  • hyperthyroidism;
  • Generalized anxiety;
  • Panic attacks;
  • phobias
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder;
  • Post-traumatic stress syndrome;
  • Depression
  • Psychosis;
  • Manic-depressive disorder.

Types of Anxiety

Generalized anxiety

Excessive and unrealistic preoccupation with routine life situations, such as employment, health, and minor daily problems;


Excessive and unreasonable fear of an object or situation;

panic disorder

Repeated panic attacks with no apparent cause;

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Presence of ideas, thoughts, impulsiveness or images that are considered intrusive and inappropriate and cause anxiety, but the person feels unable to control;

post-traumatic stress syndrome

Appearance of a set of characteristic symptoms after an extremely stressful and traumatic event.

Anxiety is caused by external events and internal conflicts , that is, biological and psychological in nature, so it does not have a single anxiety trigger.

The treatment of anxiety must associate the use of psychotropic drugs with psychotherapy to treat its biological cause and promote the resolution of psychological conflicts that may be at its origin.

Anxiety Symptoms

See danger in everything

People with anxiety disorders often overestimate danger in situations they fear or avoid. The fear or anxiety is excessive or disproportionate.

Another example is someone who is undergoing a simple medical test or procedure and fears that they will have a serious illness or be disabled after the test.
In more extreme cases, the possibility of dying in the procedure is even considered .

eat indiscriminately

There are many people who find a solution to their emotional problems in food . At the slightest sign of concern, turn to candy or any other food to ease the tension.
They usually chew their food very little and eat a lot of food in a short time.

Eating indiscriminately, without hunger, because of anxiety, stress or another negative emotion is a warning sign. And be careful, this attitude can also trigger a binge.

sleep changes

They have difficulty sleeping or episodes of insomnia on the eve of meetings and important events.

They don’t disconnect from what they did during the day at work and spend the night processing what they will do the next day. Sometimes they even dream and wake up thinking about possible solutions to a particular problem.

Muscle tension

They always have back, shoulder and neck pain.

This almost constant muscle tension often accompanies anxiety disorders . The greater the concern and discouragement, the greater the possibility of transferring tensions to the cervical region.

Fear of Public Speaking

Just thinking about speaking in public already shows signs such as excessive sweating, cold hands, tachycardia, shortness of breath and panting.
This fear may be related to ego concerns, fear of judgment and apprehension, increasing anxiety .

worry too much

They are always worried about the future . Even more so in times of economic crisis, it is common to see people worried about keeping their jobs.

Excessive worry is a direct source of headaches, ulcers, anxiety and stress, and can even affect the immune system.

nervous attacks

Irritability, sudden mood swings and no apparent explanation. People who are about to have a nervous breakdown can quickly go from euphoria to tears.

These symptoms appear at times of increased pressure and stress , such as when you lose a job or a loved one.

irrational fears

The fear of losing something, not being good enough, the fear of failure, the panic of being alone or not being accepted also plague anxious people .

Self -criticism champions are the first to not feel capable enough to complete a particular activity. Excessive fear can compromise security in personal relationships , whether at work or in the family.

Constant worry

Difficulty concentrating, restlessness and fatigue. The individual has intense anguish , cannot keep quiet, walks from one side to another, desperate.

Suffer Physical Symptoms

In times of anxiety , physical symptoms such as tremors, easy tiredness, shortness of breath or choking, racing heart, excessive sweating, cold and sweaty hands, dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, flushing, hot flashes may arise. chills, frequent urination, difficulty swallowing, choking sensation.

obsessive thinking

Obsessive thinking is an inability to control recurring, distressing thoughts and images .

Brain imaging studies indicate that it is associated with neurological dysfunction of unknown cause that forces thoughts into repetitive cycles.

Obsessive thinking can also be associated with mood disorders including dysthymia, depression, bipolar disorder, and is the defining symptom of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, and many others. psychological conditions.

How to Control Anxiety

psychotherapy sessions

Psychotherapy is a process that can greatly help people who suffer from anxiety . Psychotherapy is a collaborative treatment based on the relationship between an individual and a psychologist.

Based on dialogue, it provides a supportive environment that allows you to speak openly with someone who is objective, neutral, and nonjudgmental.

You and your psychologist will work together to identify and change patterns of thinking and behavior that are keeping you from feeling your best, increasing self-awareness and resilience.

Practice Physical Activity

Take time to walk, run, or whatever physical activity gives you pleasure . Regular physical activity helps strengthen the immune system , prevents cardiovascular diseases and obesity.
Increases well-being, readiness for daily activities, and productivity at work .

Practice Meditation

Neuroscientists have already shown that meditation helps increase the left prefrontal cortex region, the region responsible for feeling happy.

Five minutes a day to observe the breath is already effective at first. Mindfulness is one of the most effective interventions to reduce stress and the immune system.

Listen to music

Music helps to relax , overflow, express oneself, dance, celebrate, internalize, rest.
It is a therapeutic element par excellence . It is medicinal and without contraindications.

Healthy diet

healthy brain is the first line of defense against anxiety , depression, and other mood disorders.

Some vitamins are necessary for the formation of neurotransmitters that stimulate mood , while others provide energy for brain cells or protect them from damage.

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