Meaning of Anti-Capitalism
Anti-capitalism is based on the propagation of ideals contrary to capitalism. The anti-capitalists are against private property, wage labor and free competition.
More generally, anti-capitalist groups aim to overthrow and replace this economic system that has prevailed since the collapse of the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics).
However, among the capitalist ideologies there are several different groups that aim to abolish only some aspects of this economic system, and not capitalism in its entirety.
In another aspect, the word “ anti-capitalist ” has been used to indicate the converging actions of a variety of social movements , notably labor, feminist, and environmentalist.
These branches, although of ancient and different ideologies, became widespread in the second half of the 20th century and, in the case of the environmental movements, in the early 21st century from the connection between resistance cells throughout the world. world, which had grown isolated from the 1960s.
To designate the groups mentioned above, the word “ anti-capitalist ” ended up causing a discussion about the lack of consensus, among organizations that preached against the exploitation of work, hierarchy, sexism and the exploitation of the environment, indicating that the The cause of these problems would be capitalism.
Therefore, a good part of these groups did not accept that they followed an anti-capitalist ideology .
Even in the religious field, there are ideologies against capitalism . In Islam, for example, there is a prohibition on charging interest on monetary loans, which is one of the most visible aspects of capitalism.
In another respect, in Islam everything belongs to Allah, which indicates a fundamental counterpoint to the issue of private property spread by capitalism.
Another religion that promotes issues contrary to capitalism is Christianity, which also spreads the prohibition of usury, granting loans with exorbitant interest.
However, despite the religious law, Western society ended up abandoning this idea based on the principle of separation between State and Church.
According to theorists such as Ludwig von Mises, totalitarian regimes such as Nazism and fascism have characteristics that also contradict the principles of capitalism, since they indicate that the State overrides the rights of the individual.
In the case of the fascists, private property is accepted, but in this ideology the State would have part of the control over it to benefit the community and precede the interest of a few individuals.