Meaning of Anarchy
Anarchy is a political theory that rejects the existence of a government . It is an ideology that is not in favor of any type of hierarchy or imposed domination.
Contrary to what many people think, in the political context the word anarchy has nothing to do with disorder and confusion.
The concept of anarchy defends that society has a social organization , however, it considers that it should not be imposed but rather agreed upon among citizens.
There should not be, for example, a division by social class or the domination of one group over another.
The central idea of anarchy is that without the oppression of authoritarianism , society would become more fraternal and egalitarian, as a result of the efforts of each citizen.
The main symbols of this political theory are a black flag and an “A” with a circle around it. Of the two symbols, the better known is “A”, which represents the word “anarchy”, and the circle (which is actually the letter “O”) and represents the word “order”. Therefore, the message of the symbol is “ Anarchy is order ”.
The black uniform of the flag represents the denial of any form of oppression. This color was adopted in opposition to state flags, which are generally colored.
Anarchism is the political system that defends anarchy and, consequently, is in favor of individual freedom. This system opposes any form of domination or authoritarianism.
There is no consensus among historians about the origin of anarchism . However, William Godwin is considered to have been one of the first people to spread anarchist ideas , through a proposal to transform the organizational form of society.
These are some of the main ideas of anarchism :
- Defend the end of the state
- He is totally against capitalism
- He is in favor of a social organization that exempts the State
- Advocates the creation of institutions formed by free agreement between citizens
Relationship between Anarchism, Communism and Socialism
Anarchism, communism and socialism are different political ideologies , but they have a common characteristic: they are against the main objective of capitalism.
Capitalism is about the profit and accumulation of wealth (through primarily proletarian labor) with the goal of centralizing such achievements in the hands of business owners.
The main difference between anarchist philosophy and communist and capitalist philosophies is that communism and socialism seek to change the state in favor of a more just and balanced reality for the proletariat.
So that it can also have a certain power in the labor process and so that the properties are collective
Anarchism, on the other hand, wants the state to be completely abolished because it understands that any form of state would be equivalent to authoritarianism and oppression.
Major Anarchy Theorists
Although William Godwin and Gerard Winstanley are considered to have been the first to approach anarchist philosophy (17th and 18th centuries), it was in the mid-19th century that anarchy came to prominence.
This happened due to the expression of four theoreticians who reproduced, in writing, ideas that circulated among the workers. They are Max Stirner, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Michael Bakunin and Peter Kropotkin.
Is Anarchy Right or Left?
In the political context, the terms right and left emerged during the French Revolution. At that time, the most radical sat on the left platform and the most conservative, on the right platform.
Considering that anarchy is against all forms of state , any possibility of placing it in one of the political ideologies mentioned above is excluded.
Both the right and the left are represented by parties that assume power and control of the state, an idea that is totally contrary to the concept of anarchy.