What does analogy mean?

What is Analogy?

The analogy is a relationship of similarity established between two or more different entities. The term comes from the Greek word “ analogous ” which means “ proportion ”.

Examples of Analogy

An analogy can be made , for example, between the head and the body and between the captain and the soldiers. Head (brain) and captain are two analogous entities.

They have a similar function which, in this case, is to command, give orders. In the same way, the body and the soldiers perform the same function as obeying orders.

This is how the word is used in sentences:

  • The minister made an analogy to talk about sustainability;
  • The president used an analogy with marriage to talk about ministry.

Synonyms of analogy

The following words can be used:

  • Parity
  • Likeness
  • Equivalence
  • Correspondence

[su_animate type=”flash”] What it means:  Strategy [/su_animate]

in philosophy

In Philosophy, it is a way to determine why the similarity between objects or ideas .

In grammar, analogy is a phenomenon responsible for the creation of a new linguistic form, it is the reason for the formation of some words.

in biology

In biology, analogy and homology are terms related to the evolution of species.

Similar components are those that, despite having a different origin and constitution, have a similar morphological or functional scope.

Analogous Structures

Analogous structures are those that perform the same function but have a different embryological origin, for example, the wing of a bird and the wing of an insect (flying is a similar function).

Homologous Structures

The reverse is true for homologous structures , for example the arm of man and the foreleg of a dog, they are different species but originate from a common ancestor.

In the law

In the legal sphere ,  it is a method to integrate the gaps in the law .

An analogy occurs when a comparison is made between different cases but with a similar problem.

The analogy is based on the principle of legal equality , and also states that there must be the same solution for the same crime or reason of law.

In some cases, it is not applicable, such as in criminal law (except in the case of bonam partem); bail in tax laws; In legal business (and resignation).

in philosophy

In the study of philosophy, analogy has two fundamental meanings. The first is linked to mathematics.

Plato was the first philosopher to use this sense of analogy in comparing the four ways of knowing that appear in the Republic.

Plato affirms that being is for the future as intelligence is for opinion. In another passage he says: intelligence is to opinion as science is to belief and dianoia is to conjecture.

Aristotle also made use of the first analogical meaning when he stated that things are not all alike outright, but are alike by analogy, since all things are related in the same way to the terms that designate their powers.

The second fundamental meaning of analogy in the study of philosophy is that of the probable extension of knowledge through the passage from one knowledge to another that is generically similar.

In this sense, Aristotle affirmed that the analogous probability appears when the opposite is said.

[su_animate type=”flash”] Other Meanings:

  • Solidarity
  • Love
  • Ontology
  • Jurisprudence
  • Justice [/su_animate]

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