The definition of anabolism is a metabolic process of building muscle tissue with energy consumption . As a result, the production and increase of muscle tissues occurs.
It is a biochemical synthesis reaction of the human metabolism that can be triggered by physical exercise or by biological factors, such as during growth that occurs at puberty.
In addition to the production and growth of muscle tissue , anabolism also occurs in other processes. Examples are: photosynthesis and protein synthesis in the body.
How does it happen
The anabolism process occurs from the transformation of simple molecules into complex molecules, with the consumption of energy for these metabolic reactions to occur.
This process involves various hormones such as estrogen, testosterone, and growth hormone (GH).
Anabolism can be stimulated by two factors: resistance and strength exercise (such as bodybuilding) and a balanced diet rich in protein (which can be animal or vegetable).
It is a constructive metabolic process that occurs in moments of rest, that is, when muscular effort is not required (rest).
In physical exercise, the exercised muscle tissue is damaged by the effort.
After exercise, when there is a period of rest from this effort, the body produces a reaction to repair the affected tissues.
It is the process of restoring damaged muscle tissue that leads to an increase in muscle mass (lean mass), also called muscle hypertrophy.
Difference Between Anabolism and Catabolism
Anabolism and catabolism are different stages of the metabolism processes of the human organism. While anabolism provides muscle tissue growth, catabolism is the opposite process.
In catabolism there is the breakdown of complex molecules into simple molecules. By causing this transformation, catabolism is a degradation or degradation reaction.
In this case, unlike anabolism , there is an energy supply that is used to ensure proper functioning of the human body, such as heart rate balance control.
Examples of catabolism are the process of digesting food and the transformation of proteins into amino acids.