What is the adverb?
Adverb is any invariable word that accompanies the verb, adjective or other adverb , modifying its meaning.
It never modifies a noun. It is the invariable word that indicates the circumstances in which the verbal action occurs .
Example: I arrived early . This car is very good. It was very good.
[su_animate type=”flash”]Meaning: Metaphor [/su_animate]
Classification of Adverbs.
Adverbs always express a circumstance or idea in relation to what they express:
- Place: here, there, behind, near, below, above, inside, outside, beyond, over here, etc.
- Time: now, already, still, tomorrow, early, late, always, never, etc.
- Manner: like this, good, bad, fast, slow, and part of the words ending in mind: happily, etc.
- Intensity: a lot, little, enough, enough, less, etc.
- Doubt: maybe, possibly, probably, etc.
- Affirmation: yes, certainly, really, indeed, etc.
- Negation: no, never, never etc.
Degrees of Adverbs
There are two degrees of the adverb: comparative and superlative:
The comparative degree can be
Equality: arrived as early as the colleague.
Of superiority: arrived earlier than the colleague.
Inferiority: arrived less early than the colleague.
The superlative degree can be analytical: the indication of an increase in degree is made by another adverb: I arrived very early.
The synthetic superlative degree : the presence of a suffix indicates the degree: I arrived very late.
Locution of Adverbs
It is an expression made up of two or more words with the value of the adverb, for example: sometimes, on horseback, on foot, at home, live, randomly, on purpose, suddenly, sometimes, etc.