What is Adjective?

Adjective what does it mean

[the_ad id=”3894″]Adjective is each word that characterizes the noun , indicating quality, defect, state, condition, etc. For example, good man ( quality ), annoying boy ( defect ), happy girl ( status ), rich family ( status ).

The adjective can appear before or after the noun. Ex Beautiful girl or beautiful girl .

Adjective inflection

An adjective has three forms of inflection : gender ( masculine and feminine ), number ( singular and plural ), and degree ( comparative and superlative ).


Degree of an Adjective

Adjectives can characterize the noun in a normal way, that is, without emphasis, but they can also give intensity to the characteristics of the noun . Therefore, in terms of degree, adjectives are classified as: comparatives and superlatives .

Comparative: In the comparative degree, the same characteristic is attributed to two or more beings, so the comparative can be equality, superiority, and inferiority .

Comparative equality: Maria is as intelligent as José.

Comparative of superiority: Maria is more intelligent than José.

  Comparison of inferiority: Maria is less intelligent than José.

Superlative: there is no comparison between beings here, the characteristic given by the adjective is absolute or relative , that is, something or someone stood out in the crowd.

Relative superlative: in this case, the adjective is attributed to a being that has a characteristic that distinguishes it from all others. This can be superiority or inferiority.

   Examples: I am the most demanding in my class. (superiority)
You are the least attentive of the class . (inferiority)

Absolute superlative – here the features will be highlighted with an additional feature – the idea of ​​​​excess. When you use an adverb it is called analytic, when you use a suffix, synthetic.

Examples: You are very beautiful ! (analytical)
You are very beautiful (synthetic)

Patriotic adjective

Adjectives can refer to cities, countries, continents, etc. expressing nationality.

Adjective Locution

An adjective phrase is each expression (two or more words) that appears instead of an adjective. Ex: mother’s love, country house, evaluation per month. The adjective phrase always begins with a preposition.

Classification of Adjectives

There is no widely accepted classification of adjectives as meaning given the unlimited and largely subjective universe of characteristics that can be attributed to any being.

Some types of features can be:

Quality: beautiful, beautiful, good, etc.
Defect: ugly, bad, mean, etc.
Color: blue, red, green, yellow, etc.
Temperature: hot, cold, warm, etc.
Texture: hard, soft, rough, etc.
Origin: Brazilian, Portuguese, American, Chinese, etc. (In this case, the adjectives are generally classified as national or demonym adjectives.

In terms of formation , adjectives are generally classified into:

Primitives: they form an original lexical unit: happy, new, old, good, etc.
Derivatives: They come from a noun, a verb, or another adjective: famous (from “fame”), easy (from “do”), reheated (from “hot”), etc.
Simple: formed by a single lexeme.
Compounds: formed by two or more lexemes: navy blue, Portuguese-Brazilian, deaf-mute, etc.

Some grammarians classify the adjective by aspect :

Restrictive: restricts the noun, making it unique within the context: “Brazilian man”, “yellow house”, “silver spoon”, etc.
Explanatory: They express an inherent characteristic to be represented by the noun, generally to emphasize said characteristic: “hot sun”, “sharp knife”, etc.

However, this is not a true classification as all adjectives can be restrictive or explanatory depending on the context.

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