What is Acupuncture?

Definition of Acupuncture

Acupuncture is a therapeutic method originated in traditional Chinese medicine, which consists of the stimulation of specific points on the skin through needles.

According to traditional Chinese medicine , this stimulation has the ability to regulate the flow of energy responsible for the physiology of the human body.

The word “ acupuncture ” comes from the Latin: accus means needle and punctura means puncture.


Types of Acupuncture


Life energy , called ” Qi “, flows through energy channels in the body that connect major organs called meridians.

Along the meridians, there are specific points that, when stimulated, can influence and balance the vital energy “Qi”.

According to Chinese medicine , illness arises when the cyclic flow of Qi in the meridians is unbalanced or blocked.


Western acupuncture defines acupuncture as the stimulation of specific points located on the surface of the skin, which has the ability to alter different physiological and biochemical conditions in the body to achieve the desired effect.

According to modern medicine , acupuncture points are areas of sensitivity, into which needles are inserted to stimulate various sensory receptors. Which in turn stimulate the nerves that send impulses to the hypothalamus and pituitary gland located at the base of the brain.

Acupuncture stimulation has been shown to release endorphins and neurotransmitters , which increase the production of neurotransmitters and neurohormones, improve blood flow, and stimulate the immune system.

Effects and Indications of Acupuncture

Endorphins play an important role in the functioning of the hormonal system and are several times more powerful than morphine, hence the indication and efficiency of acupuncture in the treatment of back pain, arthritis, infertility, etc.

In addition to relaxing the body, the substances released by acupuncture also act to regulate serotonin in the brain. So depression is often treated with acupuncture .

Some of the physiological effects observed in continuous treatment with acupuncture are. The reduction of inflammation, the relief of pain and muscle spasms, and the increase in the number of defense cells.

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