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What does Abstract Art mean?

What is Abstract Art?

Abstract art is a movement of the plastic arts that has as its most notable characteristic the representation of forms in a non-real way.

In abstract art , the representation of images is far from reality .
In the works of this movement, the form and representation of reality are less important than the ability of the work to allow various interpretations in relation to feelings and emotions.

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It emerged in Europe in the 19th century and the Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky is considered the first representative of this movement.

The movement is considered a form of opposition in relation to the movements of the European avant-garde, mainly realism.

It mixes influences of the cubist, expressionist and futuristic movement.
The movement was also known as abstractionism , “nonrepresentational” art, geometric abstraction, or “nonrepresentational” art.

 

Characteristics of Abstract Art

As abstractionism does not have the commitment to represent reality, one of its most striking characteristics is to be a counterpoint to the concept of realist art . Thus, the works are more conceptual and deviate from what was known as classical art.

The works may have elements related to emotion or intuition , as a form of freedom of expression for the artist, without the need to represent a figure and without the commitment to convey reality.
In many works the representation is of a feeling .

For this reason, another characteristic of abstract art is freedom , for both the artist and the public, who are free to appreciate and interpret the work without compromising reality.

The use of geometric shapes , straight and curved lines and many colors is also quite present, especially in painting.
The shapes are simpler and the contrast between colors, lights and shadows is widely used.

By having these unrealistic and distant from reality characteristics , abstract art also allows many different interpretations of the meaning of the works to be made.

Types of Abstract Art

Abstract art is divided into two different types, also called slopes:
Geometric abstractionism.
?Informal abstractionism.

Geometric Abstractionism

Abstract geometric art was heavily influenced by the Cubist and Futurist movements.
The use of geometric forms and with more rational and hard characteristics in the representations.

Lines and colors are used to represent and form geometric figures .

Informal Abstractionism

Informal abstract art has different characteristics. Abstractionism reportedly was heavily influenced by the Expressionist movement .

The art produced in this aspect has as characteristics the presence of more sentimental elements , as well as more freedom in the form of artistic expression.

In informal abstract art , as opposed to geometric, the colors and shapes used represent the internal universe of emotions, feelings, or sensations.

Abstract Artists

Many artists have excelled in abstract artistic production , especially in painting, sculpture, and plastic arts.

  • Wassily Kandinsky (painting),
  • Paul Klee (painting),
  • Piet Mondrian (painting),
  • Henry Moore (sculpture),
  • Jackson Pollock (painting),
  • Jorge Oteiza (sculpture),
  • Tomie Ohtake (painting, sculpture and printmaking),
  • Eric Aho (painting).

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